Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology
Original Article

Comparison of Apathy and Cognitive Symptoms in Pre- and Postoperative Period in Deep Brain Stimulation Surgery

1.

Department of Mental Health and Diseases, Adana City Training and Research Hospital, Adana, Turkey

2.

Department of Neurology, Adana City Training and Research Hospital, Adana, Turkey

3.

Department of Neurosurgery, Adana City Training and Research Hospital, Adana, Turkey

Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology 2023; 33: 238-245
DOI: 10.5152/pcp.2023.23621
Read: 1112 Downloads: 688 Published: 13 October 2023

Background: The aim of the study was to investigatie apathy and cognitive functions in Parkinson’s disease patients who underwent deep brain stimulation surgery on bilateral subthalamic nuclei.

Methods: This study included 18 patients with Parkinson’s disease who were accommodated in the Parkinson’s and Movement Disorders Center of Adana City Training and Research Hospital for treatment in 2022. Patients were evaluated by psychiatry, neurology and neurosurgery specialists with a multidisciplinary approach and found to be surgically appropriate. Standardized Mini-Mental Test and Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale, Apathy Evaluation Scale, and Hamilton Anxiety and Depression Scale were administered to each patient before the operation and at 6 months after effective stimulation parameters were reached.

Results: The mean apathy score at the preoperative zeroth month was 47.77 ± 15.83 in patients having deep brain stimulation surgery and 30.83 ± 13.59 in the postoperative sixth month. Statistically that reduction was significant (P = .003) and showed clinical development. The average Hamilton Anxiety Scale scores at the preoperative zeroth month was 11.50 ± 5.14 and 10.22 ± 5.57 at the postoperative sixth month, with no clinical significance (P = .280). The determined value for the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale, on treatment, was 22.55 ± 7.53 in the preoperative zeroth month and 14.50 ± 6.99 in the postoperative sixth month, with statistical significance (P < .001). The Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale, off treatment, score was revealed to be significant in the preoperative zeroth month (37.44 ± 9.85) in comparison to that of the postoperative sixth month (23.44 ± 7.86; P < .001).

Conclusion: This study showed that bilateral subthalamic stimulation improves nonmotor and motor symptoms in patients having Parkinson’s disease. The mechanism is complex, and we believe that future studies focusing on pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatments involving more patient groups will be useful for clinicians.

Cite this article as: Polat S, Erdem M, Çekinmez M. Comparison of apathy and cognitive symptoms in pre- and postoperative period in deep brain stimulation surgery. Psychiatry Clin Psychopharmacol.  2023;33(4):238-245.

Files
EISSN 2475-0581