Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology
Original Article

Antinuclear Antibodies and Thyroid Autoantibodies in the Serum of Chinese Patients with Acute Psychiatric Disorders: A Retrospective Study


Department of Clinical Laboratory, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Yiwu, Zhejiang, China

Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology 2022; 32: 205-214
DOI: 10.5152/pcp.2022.22005
Read: 1458 Downloads: 1219 Published: 01 September 2022

Background: It has been shown that autoimmune diseases are associated with psychiatric disorders in epidemiological studies. The acute psychiatric disorder patients have higher frequency of autoantibodies in the blood, including antinuclear antibodies, anti-thyroid peroxidase, and thyroglobulin [thyroid antibody carriers]. However, large clinical studies with more relevant control groups in China are few.

Methods: This was a retrospective study. A total of 1669 sera were tested for autoantibodies in the clinical laboratory of the Fourth Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine from October 2016 to March 2021. All data available during this time period were analyzed. Only the first entry for each patient from inpatient care units was used for analysis. The clinical information and laboratory data of patients were retrospectively collected and analyzed.

Results: A significantly lower prevalence of antinuclear antibodies was observed in the healthy control group than in the patient group (21.7% vs 28.8%, P < .05). There was a significant difference in the prevalence of antinuclear antibodies between thyroglobulin-antibody carriers and thyroid peroxidaseantibody- and thyroglobulin-antibody-seronegative individuals in the unipolar depressive disorder group (P < .05). A positive anti-thyroid peroxidase test was significantly associated with patients having nonaffective psychoses (P < .05).

Conclusion: The results showed that psychiatric disorders were associated with antinuclear antibodies and thyroid autoantibodies in our large sample of patients admitted to acute psychiatric hospitalization, and autoimmune autoantibodies were potential biomarkers of psychotic disorders. The results might lead to new research directions for the study of psychiatric disorders in the future.

Cite this article as: Rao Y, Cheng C, Lu Y, Wu W, Xia X. Antinuclear antibodies and thyroid autoantibodies in the serum of chinese patients with acute psychiatric disorders: A retrospective study. Psychiatry Clin Psychopharmacol. 2022;32(3):205-214.

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