Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology
Original Article

Perinatal Anxiety Screening Scale validiy and reliability study in Turkish (PASS-TR validity and reliability)


Department of Psychiatry, Medical Faculty, Sakarya University, Sakarya, Turkey


Department of Obstetrics and Gynechology, Medical Faculty, Sakarya University, Sakarya, Turkey


Department of Public Health, Medical Faculty, Training and Research Hospital, Sakarya University, Sakarya, Turkey


Department of Psychiatry, Medical Faculty, Sakarya University, Sakarya, Turkey


Bakırköy Training and Reseacrh Hospital of Nerveus and Mental Health, Psychiatry Clinic, Istanbul, Turkey

Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology 2019; 29: 609-617
DOI: 10.1080/24750573.2018.1506247
Read: 1176 Downloads: 542 Published: 08 February 2021

BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are common in women. This sensitivity extends into the perinatal period as well. Thus, screening for anxiety disorders during the aforementioned period is important for the proper management and treatment of conditions. This study was conducted to assess the validity and reliability of the Perinatal Anxiety Screening Scale, which was determined to be beneficial for the purposes listed above.

METHOD: For this study, the “Perinatal Anxiety Screening Scale” (PASS) was translated into Turkish and relabelled “Perinatal Anksiyete Tarama Ölçeği” (PASS-TR). 312 perinatal women were then evaluated with: the ICD 10 diagnosis system, SCID-1, the Hamilton Anxiety Scale, Hamilton Depression Scale, Beck Anxiety Scale, and PASS-TR. The resulting data was examined using Pearson Correlation analysis, Reliability tests, ROC analysis, and Factor analysis. The generated sub-dimensions were re-examined again by confirmatory factor analysis and Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA), Root Mean Square Residual (RMR), Standardized Root Mean Square Residual (SRMR) χ2 /sd, the Goodness of Fit Index (GFI), Adjusted Goodness of Fit Index (AGFI), Comparative Fit Index (CFI), Akaike’s Information Criterion (AIC), and the Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC).

RESULTS: In this assessment, Cronbach’s Alpha value for the scale is = 0.95, and the subdimensions obtained by explanatory factor analysis are: (1) general anxiety and specific fear, (2) perfectionism and control, (3) social anxiety and adjustment disorder, (4) acute anxiety and trauma. The cut-off score for the scale is 16. As a result, it was determined that PASS-TR is an accurate method for the scanning of anxiety disorders in the perinatal period.

CONCLUSION: PASS-TR can be validly and reliably used to scan for anxiety disorders amongst perinatal women.

EISSN 2475-0581