Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology
Original Article

Patients without psychopathology applying for aesthetic rhinoplasty may display elevated harm avoidance and reduced self-directedness: a crosssectional, case–control study


Department of Psychiatry, Firat University School of Medicine, Elazig, Turkey


Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey


Psychiatry, Adiyaman University Training and Research Hospital, Adiyaman, Turkey


Department of Dermatology, Elazığ Training and Research Hospital, Elazig, Turkey


Department of Psychiatry, Akdeniz University, School of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey


Department of Plastic, Reconstructive & Esthetic Surgery, School of Medicine, Afyon Kocatepe University, Afyon, Turkey

Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology 2019; 29: 715-721
DOI: 10.1080/24750573.2019.1605666
Read: 816 Downloads: 443 Published: 08 February 2021

Objective: The present study was intended to compare the body image, self-esteem, temperament and character traits of a group of patients who applied for aesthetic rhinoplasty with healthy controls subjects.

Methods: Thirty patients who applied the Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery Clinic at the Fırat University Hospital for aesthetic surgery were included in the present study. In addition, thirty healthy individuals who met the study criteria and were matched the patient group by age and gender were included in the study as the healthy control group. Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), body image (BI) scale, The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), and sociodemographic data form were applied to patient and control groups.

Results: The patients with aesthetic rhinoplasty had higher body image (BI) scores compared to the control group (t = 2.828, p = .006), and had higher novelty seeking (NS) (p = .038) and lower harm avoidance (HA) scores for temperament dimensions. The outcomes of the correlation analysis yielded a positive correlation between the RSES and BP scores and the HA temperament subscale scores were positively correlated with RSES (r = 0.389, p = .033) and BP (r = 0.461, p = .010) scores. In addition, a negative correlation (r = −0.496, p = .005) was determined between the RSES scores and self-directedness (SD), which is a character subdimension.

Conclusion: The present study established that there existed differences in the aesthetic rhinoplasty patient group in terms of body image, self-esteem, temperament and character traits. The differences in temperament traits could indicate that the condition is hereditary. Determining such differences was considered significant for both identifying patients as candidates for surgery and predicting the level of satisfaction from surgery. In order to obtain better results, it is required to perform longitudinal studies with larger sample.

EISSN 2475-0581