Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology

Is there any relationship between sodium and depression?

Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology 2014; 24: Supplement S87-S87
Keywords : depression, sodium
Read: 2417 Published: 18 February 2021

Objective: Some authors have suggested that abnormalities in electrolyte metabolism could cause mood disorders. A few studies have demonstrated relationships between the metabolism of electrolytes and affective symptoms. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether there is any relationship between sodium and depression.

Method: The study sample comprised of 42 patients with depressive disorders, who were consecutively admitted to the inpatient psychiatric service. In the patients group, thirty-five patients (83.3%) had major depression, three (7.1%) had psychotic depression, three (7.1%) had catatonic depression and one (2.3%) had seasonal depression. The serum sodium and serum creatinine levels were measured in a blood sample before eating anything in the morning. Urine sodium, urine creatinine and density of urine were studied in the first morning spot urine sample.

Results: Patients with depression had significantly lower serum sodium than healthy control subjects (p=0.04). No significant differences between the groups in terms of plasma creatinine, urine sodium, urine creatinine and density of urine were recorded.

Conclusions: The present study suggests that there was a relationship between sodium and depression.

EISSN 2475-0581