Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology
Original Article

Is There A Relationship Between Adult ADHD and Bipolar Symptoms? A Cross-Sectional Study with Primary Care Applicants in Ankara, Turkey

1.

Gazi University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Ankara

2.

Gazi University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Ankara, Turkey

Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology 2020; 30: 374-380
DOI: 10.5455/PCP.20200714114339
Read: 1654 Downloads: 523 Published: 20 January 2021

Background: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Bipolar Affective Disorder (BAD) are two diseases that are frequently interrelated and there are difficulties in diagnosis and treatment. In this study, it was aimed to examine the prevalence of adult ADHD and its relationship with BAD.

Methods: 1517 people attending primary health care services in Ankara were evaluated with sociodemographic data, Adult Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder Self-Report (ASRS), and Bipolar Prodrome Symptom Scale (BPSS).

Results: The prevalence of adult ADHD was 3.7%. The rate of the participants whose bipolar frequency score was above the cut-off point was 47.2% in the non-ADHD group and 70.4% in the ADHD group. These rates were 7.6% and 37.0% according to the bipolar severity scores, respectively. 14.5% of the ADHD group and 1.6% of the non-ADHD group had a forensic event (p <0.001). 18.2 of the ADHD group and 9.0% of the non-ADHD group had a traffic accident (p=0.041).

Conclusions: A significant relationship between ADHD and prodromal BAD symptoms was found in people over 18 years of age who applied to primary health care institutions, and ADHD was associated with an increased risk of forensic events and traffic accidents.

To cite this article: Ertek Ekmekci I, Ilhan MN, Dikmen Ugras A, Gozukara M. Is There A Relationship Between Adult ADHD and Bipolar Symptoms? A Cross-Sectional Study with Primary Care Applicants in Ankara, Turkey. Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology 2020;30(4):374-380

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