Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology
Original Article

Executive Functions and Social Responsiveness in Children and Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

1.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Bursa Dörtçelik Child Hospital, Bursa, Turkey

2.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, İstanbul Medeniyet University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

3.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Istanbul University-Cerrahpaşa School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

4.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Marmara University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology 2021; 31: 165-172
DOI: 10.5152/pcp.2021.20167
Read: 776 Downloads: 269 Published: 11 June 2021

Objective: To evaluate the executive functions and social reciprocity of children and adolescents diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and compared them with healthy controls.

Material and Method: Patients aged 6-17 years diagnosed with ASD (n = 33) and ADHD (n = 37) and healthy controls in the same age range (n = 33) were included in the study. Behavioral Rating Inventory of Executive Functions (BRIEF) sub-scales and Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) were used for evaluating executive function areas and social responsiveness.

Results: Our results revealed that children and adolescents with ASD and ADHD were significantly impaired for all BRIEF sub-scales except emotional control and that the significant increase in subscale scores expressing deterioration continued after adjustment for SES, verbal IQ scores, and gender. ASD patients received significantly higher SRS scores compared to ADHD and control groups and ADHD patients also had significantly higher values compared to the controls.

Conclusion: Further studies with parent-report scales that allow easier and faster evaluation of executive functions and social reciprocity will contribute to better understanding of the personal needs of children with neurodevelopmental disorders and the finding of new treatments.

Cite this article as: Ayyıldız D, Bıkmazer A, Cahid Örengül A, Perdahlı Fiş N. Executive functions and social responsiveness in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Psychiatr Clin Psychopharmacol. 2021; 31(2): 165-172.

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