Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology

Evaluating Factors Related to Health Anxiety in COVID-19 Patients


Department of Child Development, İstanbul Gelişim University, Istanbul, Turkey


Department of Psychology, Istanbul Ticaret University, Istanbul, Turkey


Department of Clinical Psychology, Hamidiye Institute of Health Sciences, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey


Odda Psychology, Istanbul, Turkey


Department of Psychology, Uskudar University, Istanbul, Turkey


Department of Child Development, Istanbul Gelisim University, Istanbul, Turkey


Department of Psychiatry, Sakarya University School of Medicine, Sakarya, Turkey


Department of Psychology, Istanbul Rumeli University, Istnabul, Turkey

Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology 2021; 31: 189-197
DOI: 10.5152/pcp.2021.21057
Read: 1067 Downloads: 112 Published: 01 June 2021

Background: The COVID-19 outbreak affects both the physical and mental health of individuals and society. This study investigates the factors related to health anxiety in COVID-19 patients and explores their sociodemographic-, disease-, and treatment-related factors, trait anxiety, and characteristics of secure or insecure attachment.

Methods: The sample consisted of 420 individuals aged 18-65 years and diagnosed with COVID-19 between
March 15 and May 15, 2020. The participants completed a sociodemographic data form and the Health Anxiety Inventory (HAI), Adult Attachment Scale (AAS), and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI).

Results: Hierarchical regression analysis revealed that female gender, presence of chronic physical diseases, presence of mental health problems, and high AAS insecure attachment scores significantly predicted high HAI scores. Moreover, results indicated that the model explained approximately 21% of variance in HAI scores.

Conclusions: Factors such as gender, presence of chronic physical diseases, presence of mental health problems, and attachment style influence health anxiety. Determining the appropriate factors that cause health anxiety can contribute to the implementation of protective measures for mental health and to the application of effective interventions for individuals who develop mental problems.

Cite this article as: Kılınçel O, Tan E, Tarımtay Altun F, et al. Evaluating factors related to health anxiety in COVID-19 patients. Psychiatr Clin Psychopharmacol. 2021; 31(2): 189-197.

EISSN 2475-0581