Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology

Attachment of children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder to father

Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology 2014; 24: Supplement S121-S121
Read: 526 Published: 18 February 2021

Objective: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity, which is observed in 3-7% of the children at school age. It is associated to significant disruption in developmental, cognitive, and academic domains. It manifests as reduced self-confidence, unhappiness, failure, and impaired interpersonal relationships as a result of deficits in almost every domain of children’s life and adversely affects mental wellbeing of children. Attachment is a condition that affects both individual’s inner self and affiliations. There are studies reporting that there was insecure attachment in patients with ADHD rather than secure attachment. In this study we are going to see the effects of ADHD on father attachment.

Method: Among patients presented to Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Department of Erciyes University, Medicine School, 50 patients aged 11-17 years, who were diagnosed as ADHD and had no concurrent psychiatric diagnosis or chronic disease were included in the study. Age- and sex-matched 50 healthy children and adolescent were employed as control group. Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children-Present and Lifetime version (K-SADS-PL) interview and Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R) were applied to all cases included. Parents were asked to complete sociodemographic data sheet about their children and Turgay DSM-IV-based child and adolescent behavior disorders screening and rating scale. Parental and Peer Attachment Scale was applied to patient and control groups.

Results: The mean age of groups is 12.78±1.67. There were 15 girls and 35 boys in the groups. There was no differences in sociodemographic data sheet between two groups’ fathers (for example education, job, psychiatric disorder..). The mean score of attachment to father in ADHD group is 66, and 69 in control group. The mean score of both the girls and the boys in ADHD group is was 66. In control group the mean score of girls was 68 and 70 for the boys.

Conclusion: When compared to controls, it was found that cases in ADHD group attached to fathers less safely. In ADHD group, girls and boys attached equally safely to their fathers. In a research it was found that fathers of patients with ADHD had more negative reactive behavior control and less fatherhood pattern. In the control group, boys attached more safely to their fathers than girls. In conclusion, although ADHD is defined by disorders in cognitive and executive functioning, it is thought that social limitations were observed in children and adolescents with ADHD; that this difficulty in regulation was reşected in relations to both peers and parents; and, thus it shares common etiological factors with insecure attachment; and that they predispose to development of each other. Further studies with larger sample size are needed in this topic.

EISSN 2475-0581